Facial Paralysis

Facial Paralysis Treatment

Offering excellent results in the field of facial paralysis, Dr. Be improves the quality of life of his patients with personalized treatment plans. In line with these perfect results, he brings his patients to the desired results both psychologically and physically.


What is Facial Paralysis?

It is the name given to facial traumas that occur congenitally or acquired in many people today. These traumas usually occur in the facial nerves (seventh cranial nerve) that control the facial muscles and cause weakening of the facial muscles. As a result, asymmetric distortions occur on one side of the face (rarely on both sides). Although the exact cause of these distortions is still unclear today, it is generally thought to be caused by viral infections.

General symptoms of facial paralysis are sagging on one side of the face, drooping eyelids, weakness around the lips and mouth, changes in the sense of taste, tearing or dry eyes. If these or similar conditions are experienced, it is necessary to consult a doctor immediately. Otherwise, irreversible situations may occur.


Types of Facial Paralysis

There are many types of facial paralysis today. These varieties vary depending on the traumas experienced by the person. These facial traumas are divided into 8 types. These are; Bell's Palsy Paralysis, Ramsay Hunt Syndrome, Acoustic Neurinoma, Congenital Facial Paralysis, Hemifacial Facial Paralysis, Lip Slippage, Salivary Gland Tumors and Moebius Syndrome. To examine these types of facial paralysis in detail;


Bell's Palsy Paralysis

Bell's palsy is a sudden and temporary paralysis of the facial nerve (seventh cranial nerve) that controls the muscles on one side of the face. For detailed information about this facial paralysis, please see our Bell's Palsy page.

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Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

It is a type of facial paralysis described by American neurologist J. Ramsay Hunt. You can read more about this facial paralysis on our Ramsay Hunt Syndrome page.

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Acoustic Neurinoma

It is a type of tumor that occurs in the eighth tissue surrounding the cranial nerve. It grows slowly and does not spread to surrounding tissues.

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Congenital Facial Paralysis

It is often caused by compression of the mother's uterus during childbirth. If you want to get detailed information about Congenital Facial Palsy, you can check our page.

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Hemifacial Spasm

Hemifacial Spasm, which many patients know as facial paralysis, is a convulsive syndrome. You can read more about this on the Hemifacial Spasm page.

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Lip Shift Asymmetric Crying Faces (Congenital Unilateral Lower Lip Paralysis)

It is a type of paralysis seen in newborn babies that causes the muscles in the lip area to weaken. You can visit our page to learn more about it.

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Salivary Gland Tumors

They are abnormal cell growths that occur in the salivary glands. These tumors can often cause facial paralysis.

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Moebius Syndrome

It is a syndrome that occurs in childhood and usually targets the eyes and face. For detailed information about Moebius Syndrome, see our page.

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What Causes Facial Paralysis?

There are many causes of facial paralysis that vary from person to person. Although these causes often occur later, sometimes they can also occur due to genetic traumas. To list these causes of facial paralysis;

  • Trauma: Damage to the facial nerve as a result of blows to the head and face, accidents or surgical interventions can cause facial paralysis.
  • Tumors: Tumors in the brain, face and neck that compress the facial nerve or impair its function can lead to facial paralysis.
  • Infections: Viral infections such as shingles (varicella-zoster) or bacterial infections can affect the facial nerve and cause facial paralysis.
  • Neurological and Autoimmune Disorders: Some neurological and autoimmune disorders, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome and MS (multiple sclerosis), can affect the function of the facial nerve.
  • Circulation Problems: Interruption or reduction of blood flow to the facial nerve (for example, stroke or paralysis) can cause nerve damage and facial paralysis.
  • Middle Ear Inflammation: Although it may seem like a simple ailment, otitis media can cause facial paralysis if left untreated in the later stages.

What are the Symptoms of Facial Paralysis?

There are many different symptoms of facial paralysis, which directly affects the nervous and brain system and causes the muscles in the face to lose control. These symptoms vary from person to person, and it is not a fact that every symptom will be seen in every patient. Therefore, if you feel that you are experiencing one or more of the symptoms listed below, you should contact the hospital immediately. In this way, you can cure facial paralysis without delay. These are the symptoms of facial paralysis;

  • Asymmetric appearance on the face
  • Sudden drooping of the eyelid
  • Excessive weakness in the lip muscles
  • Sudden changes in the sense of taste
  • Twitching and convulsions in the facial area
  • Difficulty swallowing and speaking
  • Sudden changes in saliva and tears
  • Excessive salivation
  • Sudden loss of sensation in the face
  • Irregularity in the muscles that control actions such as smiling, squinting, blinking or closing the eyelid

How is Facial Paralysis Diagnosed?

There is no need to worry about facial paralysis. Because with today's advanced medical technologies, facial paralysis can be diagnosed and treated in a short time. At this point, tests are first applied to the person with suspected facial paralysis. These tests are aimed at establishing control over the facial muscles of the person. After the tests, the patient undergoes a physical examination. As a result of this examination, the patient is examined closely and some questions are asked about when the patient first noticed the symptoms, how quickly the paralysis progressed and how much control the patient has over the muscles. Based on these questions, a prediction is made about the patient.

Based on the prediction, an MRI scan is performed to further examine the nerves in the patient's face. In this way, the nerves are visualized more clearly and an idea of the cause of the damage is obtained. Afterwards, the Stapedius Reflex Test is performed to measure the patient's reflex and sensation rate. As a result of this test, information about the rate of paralysis is obtained. Finally, an Electromyography test is performed to determine which muscles and nerve tissues are involved in the paralysis. As a result of all these tests and procedures, paralyzed muscle and nerve tissues are treated. Thus, the patient's facial paralysis problem is completely treated.

Facial Paralysis Treatment Methods

Facial paralysis has 12 different treatment methods that vary according to the person. These are; Nerve transfer with microsurgery, Facial paralysis exercises, Face lift, Face sling surgery, Asymmetric brow lift, Golden eyelid weight, Bell's Palsy treatment, Muscle transfer, Temporalis tendon transfer, Thread lift and Botulinum toxin in facial paralysis. These treatment methods vary according to the rate or type of facial paralysis the person has had. Therefore, the treatment method is decided after a detailed analysis. If we need to examine the treatment methods closely;

Nerve Transfer with Microsurgery

It is a frequently preferred treatment method in facial paralysis. If you want to get detailed information on this subject, you can check our nerve transfer page.

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Facial Paralysis Exercises

It is a treatment method to restore the strength and mobility of facial muscles and plays an important role in the recovery process of individuals with facial paralysis.

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Facelift and Facial Paralysis

Today, facelift procedure, which is preferred in facial paralysis disorders that are not very advanced, is used as an auxiliary treatment method in facial paralysis treatments.

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Facial Sling Surgery

It regulates the asymmetrical appearance and sagging that occur in patients with facial paralysis. For detailed information on this subject, you can review our face sling surgery page.

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Facial Nerve Decompression

It is a procedure to relieve pressure around the facial nerve.

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Asymmetric Brow Lift

It is used to eliminate problems in the eyebrow muscles after facial paralysis. For detailed information on this subject, see our page

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Gold Eyelid Weight

It is a preferred treatment method for patients whose eyelids cannot close due to facial paralysis. See our page for more information on this subject

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Bell's Palsy Treatment

Bell's Palsy has many different treatment methods. You can visit the Bell's Palsy page to learn about these treatment methods.

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Muscle Transfer

It is a surgical procedure used to address the weakening or loss of function of facial muscles caused by facial paralysis.

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Temporalis Tendon Transfer (MIT-3)

It is aimed to restore the former form of patients with weakened facial muscles. Thus, the power and movement of the temporalis muscle is transferred around the mouth and facial paralysis is improved.

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Botulinum Toxin in Facial Paralysis

It is a treatment method used to control or reduce involuntary contractions of the facial muscles. You can review our page for detailed information on this subject.

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Thread Lift

It is a minimal procedure used to lift the muscles in the face and correct sagging. Thus, patients achieve a healthier appearance.

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Things to Consider Before Facial Paralysis Treatment

There are certain points to be considered before facial paralysis treatment. These points ensure that facial paralysis treatment gives better results. At this point, the factors you should pay attention to in facial paralysis treatments are as follows;

  • If you are taking any existing medications or have a history of allergies or possible health problems, please inform the doctor before surgery.
  • If you are taking medications such as blood thinners before the procedure, be sure to stop. Otherwise, you may bleed a lot during surgery.
  • Before the treatment of facial paralysis, you should definitely stop your habits such as alcohol, cigarettes and caffeine 15 days before the treatment.
  • In addition, you should have a preliminary consultation with the doctor before the treatment and get preliminary information about details such as the treatment plan.
  • During the preliminary consultation with your doctor, make your expectations and wishes clear.

Things to Consider After Facial Paralysis Treatment

As before the treatment of facial paralysis, you should pay attention to many points after the treatment of facial paralysis. In this way, maximum efficiency is obtained from facial paralysis treatment and the desired results are achieved. Therefore, you should pay attention to the following factors.

  • All instructions given by the doctor must be followed exactly. Thus, negative complications that may occur after treatment are prevented.
  • Do physical therapy or exercises under the supervision of a doctor to strengthen the facial muscles and increase their flexibility. This will help to further strengthen the facial muscles.
  • If complete eyelid closure cannot be achieved after the procedure or to protect the eye from possible infections, use eye drops or ointments recommended by the doctor.
  • Do not neglect regular medical check-ups to monitor the healing process and evaluate the effectiveness of treatment.
  • Facial paralysis can affect your ability to speak and swallow. If speech therapy is recommended, attend these sessions regularly. Also, try not to strain your facial expressions when communicating with others.

Before and After Photos of Facial Paralysis Surgery

You can have information about the process by examining the before and after images of the perfect facial paralysis surgeries performed by Doctor Be.

For any questions or requests, please don't hesitate to contact us. By filling out our contact form, you can reach us and speak with an authorized specialist.