Idiopathic Facial Paralysis by most probably viral etiology

Bell’s Palsy Treatment 

What is Bell’s Palsy?

Bell's nerve palsy, named after the famous Scottish surgeon Sir Charles Bell, is a condition caused by inflammation or compression of the facial muscles directly in the face. 

Bell's palsy is a condition characterized by the sudden onset of temporary facial paralysis or weakness. This disorder affects the facial nerve, also known as the seventh cranial nerve, which controls the muscles of the face. The exact cause of Bell's palsy is often unknown, but it is believed to result from the inflammation of the facial nerve.

The symptoms of Bell's palsy can develop rapidly, typically within hours to days. Common signs include weakness or paralysis on one side of the face, making it difficult for the affected individual to close the eye or smile on that side. Other symptoms may include drooping of the mouth or eyelid, loss of the sense of taste on the front two-thirds of the tongue, increased sensitivity to sound in one ear, and changes in tear and saliva production.

While the exact cause remains uncertain, viral infections, such as the herpes simplex virus, are often associated with the development of Bell's palsy. Most individuals with Bell's palsy experience a gradual improvement in symptoms, and the majority recover fully within three to six months. Treatment may include medications to reduce inflammation, physical therapy, and protective measures for the affected eye to prevent dryness and injury. In some cases, corticosteroids may be prescribed to help reduce inflammation and speed up the recovery process. It's important for individuals experiencing symptoms of facial paralysis to seek medical attention promptly for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.

What Causes Bell's Palsy?

There are many causes of Bell's facial nerve palsy, which is a very serious condition and reduces the quality of life. These reasons vary from person to person and are generally known to occur due to inflammation directed by the body's immune system.  These are the causes that cause Bell's palsy to occur;

  • Herpes Simplex Virus (a virus that causes mouth infections such as cold sores)
  • Genetic PredispositionVaricella-zoster Virus (Chickenpox and Shingles)
  • Epstein-Barr Virus (Mono Disease)
  • High Diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Injury
  • Toxins
  • Guillain-Barré syndrome
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Lyme disease
  • Stress
  • Physical Trauma
  • Obesity

The above-mentioned causes vary from person to person, and not everyone has the same cause. For this reason, the causes of Bell's facial nerve palsy are determined as a result of detailed research. Different treatment methods are applied accordingly. 

Bell's Palsy - Symptoms

The symptoms of Bell's palsy, which occur in many people today, appear suddenly and tend to peak within 48 to 72 hours. Thus, the person gradually begins to feel the symptoms of Bell's Palsy. For this reason, you can apply to a Bell's palsy surgeon from the moment the first symptoms appear and take precautions before the disease progresses. The symptoms of this frequently encountered facial paralysis disease are as follows;

  • Drooling
  • Dry Eyes
  • Speech, Difficulty Eating and Drinking
  • Facial or Ear Pain
  • Headache
  • Loss of Taste
  • Tinnitus
  • Hypersensitivity to Sounds
  • Inability to Close the Eye on the Side Affected by Bell's Palsy
  • Irregular Movement of Muscles Controlling Movements Such as Smiling, Squinting, Blinking

If you think you are experiencing these and other symptoms mentioned above, we recommend that you contact a Bell's palsy doctor immediately. This way, you can be treated before Bell's palsy progresses and beat the disease.

Who Is Most at Risk for Bell's palsy?

Bell's facial nerve palsy, which has reached a high prevalence today, occurs in 15 to 30 out of 100,000 people on average each year. This disease, which has a high rate, especially targets adults between the ages of 15 and 60, and is more common in people with a family history. People who are genetically predisposed are therefore more likely to have Bell's palsy. Pregnant women and people with weak immune systems are also more likely to get Bell's palsy. The main reason for this is hormonal changes.

How is Bell's Palsy Diagnosed?

Contrary to popular belief, Bell's Palsy is quite easily diagnosed. Of course, you need to work with an expert Bell's palsy doctor. Otherwise, not only will there be no improvement, but the course of the disease may change and become more severe. 

In this way, the disease can be diagnosed before it spreads further and becomes more severe. For this, Bell's palsy surgeons first perform a physical examination. During the physical examination, they ask the patient to move the facial muscles. Thus, the doctor obtains the first findings about the disease.  The doctor then orders blood tests, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) to obtain more detailed findings about the disease. In this way, the Bell's palsy doctor diagnoses the disease quickly and starts the necessary treatment processes without wasting time.

What are the Treatment Methods for Bell's Palsy?

In addition to the complete recovery of Bell's Palsy Facial Nerve Reconstruction, there are treatment methods that will only alleviate the effects depending on the situation. These treatment methods are determined according to the intensity of Bell's palsy symptoms. Therefore, the same treatment method is not applied to every person. For detailed information on this subject, we strongly recommend that you contact a Bell's palsy doctor. Here are the treatment methods for Bell's palsy;

  • Antiviral Drugs

If the patient suffers from Bell's Palsy facial nerve reconstruction due to the herpes simplex virus, the doctor will immediately prescribe antiviral drugs. These medications can both prevent the spread of the virus and reduce the severity of the symptoms. In addition, if the patient combines antiviral medication with corticosteroids, the treatment can be even more effective.

  • Physical Therapy

If Bell's Palsy Facial Nerve Reconstruction is newly diagnosed and does not seriously affect the patient's vital activities, physical therapy can be applied by the doctor. Thus, the facial muscles of the patient can relax and move their facial expressions more easily over time. Thus, the complaints of the person are treated to a great extent.

  • Surgery

Although Bell's palsy surgery in the later stages of the disease is known to be quite difficult, it is a very easy and quick procedure. In this procedure, Bell's palsy surgery is performed using techniques such as nerve surface stimulation or nerve reconstruction to reduce the pressure on the facial nerve or to promote nerve healing. This improves the patient's standard of living.

Things to Consider After Bell's Palsy Treatment

Patients undergoing Bell's palsy surgery need to pay attention to many points. These points help the patient to have a better standard of living after the surgery.

 Here are the points to be considered after Bell's nerve palsy surgery; 

Follow the Doctor's Instructions: During the treatment of Bell's facial nerve palsy, the doctor's recommendations should be followed. This way, you can go through the process more comfortably.

Do Not Neglect Physical Therapy and Exercise: After Bell's palsy, it is important to do physical therapy or exercises at home to strengthen the facial muscles and increase their flexibility. For this reason, you should follow your physical therapy program regularly.

Create an Eye Care Routine: Since Bell's palsy often causes dry eyes, they must be kept constantly moist. Eye drops or ointments should be used regularly.

Protect Facial Muscles: Since it is important to be careful to protect the facial muscles after treatment, overstraining the facial muscles should be avoided and you should try to keep your facial expressions under control.

Pay Attention to Nutrition and Hygiene: After Bell's palsy, it is important to eat soft and easily chewable food until eating and drinking functions are normalized. You should also keep your face clean and take regular oral care.

Protect yourself from the harmful effects of the sun: Remember that facial muscles may be sensitive after Bell's palsy surgery. In this regard, the facial area should be protected with sunscreen cream when going out in the sun.

Doctor Be Difference in Bell's Palsy Treatment

As one of the best facial palsy treatment surgeons in Turkey, Dr. Be has extensive experience and expertise in Bell's Palsy treatment and at the same time, he uses the latest technology and methods to offer the best and most perfect results to his patients. Thus, by prioritizing patient satisfaction, he has become one of the best facial paralysis treatment clinics in Turkey.


Bell's Palsy Treatment Turkey: doctor be+ clinic

Bell's Palsy Before and After Photo Gallery 

You can view our gallery to see the successful Bell's palsy treatment results of Dr. Be

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